Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) commonly found in soils can be degraded in rhizosphere, but may also be taken up by plants. The effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi on uptake of phenanthrene (PHE) and pyrene (PYR) in maize and on their dissipation in soil were investigated using the three-compartmentalized rhizoboxes. Inoculation of Glomus mosseae significantly (p< 0.01) increased PHE and PYR concentrations in maize roots and significantly (p< 0.05) enhanced PYR translocation from roots to stems in the soil treatments of the PHE. +. PYR spiked-soils added into the central compartment of the rhizoboxes. There was a significant (p< 0.05) dissipation gradient of PHE and PYR observed away from the maize roots, with the highest dissipation rates recorded in rhizosphere zone in the central compartments of the rhizoboxes, followed by near rhizosphere zone and bulk soil zone in the outer compartments. However, G. mosseae only exerted minimal impacts on dissipation of PHE and PYR in the rhizosphere. The present study suggested that the hyphae and extraradical mycelium of AM fungi could play important roles in the uptake and translocation of PHE and PYR in plants. The present results indicated that there is a potential for the use of AM fungi and plant for remediating PAHs contaminated soils.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
- Dissipation gradients