Persistent luminescence induced by the introduction of multi-valent Mn ions in K2LiBF6 (B = Al, Ga and In) fluoride phosphors

Yiwen Zhu, Anjun Huang, Tomasz Panczuk, Catherine Hong Huan Hor*, Ka Leung Wong*, Liyi Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Mn4+ – activated elpasolite fluorides K2LiBF6 (B = Al, Ga and In) are well-known red-emitting phosphors for white light emitting diodes (WLEDs) application. Such fluorides exhibit narrow emissions at around 630 nm under near ultraviolet (NUV) or blue excitations, but in this work, we introduced an unusually broad emission band in the green to orange region under NUV excitation at low temperature by introducing impurity to the elpasolite structure. The nature of this photoluminescence (PL) has been verified to be from Mn2+ species, so we observed the multi-valence of Mn ions (Mn2+ and Mn4+) in fluorides, which is rarely discussed in literatures. Besides, the influence of Mn2+ on Mn4+ was studied in samples with different Mn4+/Mn2+ ratios. The configuration-coordinate model and crystal theory were employed to help us to get a deeper understanding that the presence of Mn2+ affects the stretching vibration mode ν2 of Mn4+ in octahedra. Furthermore, the thermal quenching of Mn2+ and Mn4+ was studied for ratiometric optical thermometer application. In addition, persistent luminescence (PersL) was found in the proposed fluorides. For example, Under NUV irradiation, white PL was achieved in K2LiGaF6: Mn, and the emission turned to the green once excitation ceased. We herein demonstrated a novel multi-valence synthetic method for dual-color emitting elpasolite fluorides and propose a mechanism for the observation of white PL and green PersL based on the multi-valence properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number132421
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2022

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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