Perceptual and semantic same-different processing under subliminal conditions

Zher Wen Au, Rongjun Yu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Although other types of subliminal integrative processing are widely refuted by recent studies, subliminal same-different processing (SSDP) remains unchallenged to this day. Using shapes, categorical images, and Chinese characters as stimuli, the current study assessed whether SSDP can occur on a perceptual and semantic basis. Although some significant results were found, the effects are much weaker than previous studies, with Bayes factors suggesting that these effects are not reliable. It is therefore concluded that substantiating claims of SSDP requires more reliable evidence than currently available.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103523
JournalConsciousness and Cognition
Publication statusPublished - May 2023

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

User-Defined Keywords

  • Awareness
  • Consciousness
  • Integration
  • Perception
  • Subliminal


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