PB 3 during the Battle of Wong Nai Chung Gap: From the Japanese Sources

Chi Man Kwong, Yiu Lun Tsoi

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review


This paper attempts to revisit the intensively-studied Battle of Wong Nai Chung
Gap by looking at the previously-unseen Japanese archival sources from the
National Institute for Defence Studies, Japan and field inspection. Previous
accounts about the Battle, mostly based on the British sources, could not match the
damage observed in field studies. On the other hand, the events described in the
Japanese material can be supported by field observations as well as the recent GIS
survey of the battlefield. Not only does this shed new light on our understanding of
the Battle itself, this article also illustrates the need for researchers to conduct both
detailed fieldwork through GIS and surveying techniques and thorough archival
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-89
Number of pages15
JournalSurveying and Built Environment
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015


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