Pathways to international cooperation on climate governance in China: a comparative analysis

Minsi Liu, Tek Sheng Kevin LO*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


International cooperation has played a major role in climate governance. With a particular focus on China, this study develops a comparative framework to understand three pathways to international cooperation on climate change: multilateralism, bilateralism and transnationalism. Drawing on cooperation theory, we compare the three pathways in terms of their leaders, organisations, bargaining process, agreement, and enforcement efforts, and analyse their comparative strengths and limitations. We suggest that, given the ever-increasing difficulties and uncertainty experienced in climate multilateralism, the government should pay more attention to developing climate bilateralism and transnationalism in order to leverage the benefits of international cooperation on climate governance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-434
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Chinese Governance
Issue number3
Early online date8 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Public Administration

User-Defined Keywords

  • bilateralism
  • Climate governance
  • international cooperation
  • multilateralism
  • transnationalism


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