Parenting style of Chinese fathers in Hong Kong: Correlates with children's school-related performance

Vicky C W TAM*, Rebecca S.Y. Lam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigates parenting styles among Chinese fathers in Hong Kong as perceived by their school-age children. Four parenting styles, namely inductive, indulgent, indifferent, and dictatorial parenting, are assessed using the Parent Behavior Report (1988). Data were collected through a questionnaire survey on a sample of 1011 Primary Three to Five Chinese students from six schools in Hong Kong and 471 fathers. Findings show that among Chinese fathers, the least common parenting style is inductive, while the other three styles are of similar occurrence. Chi-square analysis shows no significant association between children's grade level and father's parenting style. However, there is a significant association with gender, with fathers more likely to be perceived as dictatorial with boys and indulgent with girls. The effect of paternal styles on children's school-related performance is also examined. MANOVA results show that significant differences are found among children of the four paternal style groups with respect to academic performance, interest in school work, aspiration for education, involvement in extracurricular activities, and efficacy for self-regulated learning. Post-hoc tests reveal that children's performance is similar between the groups with indulgent and inductive fathers, and between children of indifferent and dictatorial fathers, with the former groups performing better than the latter in general. Findings are discussed with regard to research on parenting style and paternal behavior, as well as understanding the roles of fathers in Chinese families in the socio-cultural context in Hong Kong.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-62
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Volume15
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2003

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

User-Defined Keywords

  • Chinese culture
  • Fathers
  • Hong Kong
  • Parenting style

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