Optode for the specific determination of anionic surfactants

Wing Hong CHAN, Albert W M LEE, Jian Zhong Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


A novel and simple kind of optode for monitoring anionic surfactants was developed by using 1,2-benzo-7-(diethylamino)-3- (octadecanoylimino)phenoxazine (ETH5294) immobilized in a thin plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) membrane. The response to anionic surfactants was the result of an ion-pair coextraction of the surfactant anion and a proton. On exposure to anionic surfactants, the red ETH5294, in its neutral form, was converted to a blue ETH5294 in its protonated form, inducing an absorbance spectral change of the membrane. When the fixed exposure time (4 min) and non-stirring detection modes are used in a buffer solution of pH 7.5, absorbance or absorbance ratio (at 535 and 660 nm) of a membrane of 4 μm thickness changes as a function of the anionic surfactants concentration, exemplified by sodium dodecyl sulfate and sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate. The linear ranges of the method were 5.0x10-5-1.0x10-2 and 2.0x10-5- 1.0x10-3 M, respectively. The sensing membrane showed a good selectivity over cationic surfactants and some common anions including acetate, iodide and nitrate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-61
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 1998

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy

User-Defined Keywords

  • Anionic surfactant
  • ETH 5294
  • Ion-pair coextraction
  • Optode membrane


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