Online Multicell Coordinated MIMO Wireless Network Virtualization With Imperfect CSI

Juncheng Wang, Ben Liang, Min Dong*, Gary Boudreau

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


We consider online coordinated precoding design for downlink wireless network virtualization (WNV) in a multi-cell multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) network with imperfect channel state information (CSI). In our WNV framework, an infrastructure provider (InP) owns each base station that is shared by several service providers (SPs) oblivious of each other. The SPs design their precoders as virtualization demands for user services, while the InP designs the actual precoding solution to meet the service demands from the SPs. Our aim is to minimize the long-term time-averaged expected precoding deviation over MIMO fading channels, subject to both per-cell long-term and short-term transmit power limits. We propose an online coordinated precoding algorithm for virtualization, which provides a fully distributed semi-closed-form precoding solution at each cell, based only on the current imperfect CSI without any CSI exchange across cells. Taking into account the two-fold impact of imperfect CSI on both the InP and the SPs, we show that our proposed algorithm is within an O(δ) gap from the optimum over any time horizon, where δ is a CSI inaccuracy indicator. Simulation results validate the performance of our proposed algorithm under two commonly used precoding techniques in a typical urban micro-cell network environment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10455-10471
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number12
Early online date24 Jun 2022
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

User-Defined Keywords

  • Wireless network virtualization
  • Massive MIMO
  • Imperfect CSI
  • Coordinated precoding
  • Lyapunov optimization
  • Distributed algorithm


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