Let G = (V,E) be a graph. A total restrained dominating set is a set S ⊆ V where every vertex in V \ S is adjacent to a vertex in S as well as to another vertex in V \ S, and every vertex in S is adjacent to another vertex in S. The total restrained domination number of G, denoted by γ t r(G), is the smallest cardinality of a total restrained dominating set of G. We determine lower and upper bounds on the total restrained domination number of the direct product of two graphs. Also, we show that these bounds are sharp by presenting some infinite families of graphs that attain these bounds.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
- Applied Mathematics
- total domination number
- total restrained domination number
- direct product of graphs