@article{eac595ec4dd0457b973846f9a893d8d8,

title = "On the controllability of transitions between equilibrium states in small inductively coupled arrays of Josephson junctions: A computational approach",

abstract = "In this article, we investigate computationally some controllability properties of a physical system consisting of three inductively coupled Josephson junctions. This system is modeled by nonlinear ordinary differential equations. A particular attention is given to the optimal control of the transition between equilibrium states, possibly unstable. After defining the control problem cost function, we use a perturbation analysis to compute its differential and formulate an optimality system. After appropriate time discretization of the control problem, we use a conjugate gradient algorithm to solve the discrete analogue of the above optimality system. The methodology we briefly described above has been applied successfully to the current pulse driven transition between two stable equilibrium states. This type of transitions was used in [1–5], to study Read/Write cryogenic memory cell operations based on the dynamics of small Josephson junction arrays. In order to show the robustness of our control-based approach we apply it also to the transitions from a stable equilibrium state to an unstable one.",

keywords = "Conjugate gradient algorithms, Cryogenic memory, Josephson junction, Memory operators, Optimal control",

author = "Roland GLOWINSKI and Jorge L{\'o}pez and H{\'e}ctor Ju{\'a}rez and Yehuda Braiman",

note = "Funding Information: L. H. Ju{\'a}rez acknowledges to the Mexican Network of Mathematics and Development (Red de Matem{\'a}ticas y Desarrollo) from CONACYT and the Math Graduate Program of Universidad Aut{\'o}noma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa . Funding Information: R. Glowinski acknowledges the support of the US Department of Energy ( ORNL ) and of the Hong Kong based Kennedy Wong Foundation . Funding Information: Y. Braiman would like to acknowledge support from the U.S. Department of Energy , Office of Science , Advanced Scientific Computing Research . Oak Ridge National Laboratory is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC05-00OR22725 . Funding Information: J. L{\'o}pez would like to acknowledge the support of CONACYT and PRODEP . Funding Information: R. Glowinski acknowledges the support of the US Department of Energy (ORNL) and of the Hong Kong based Kennedy Wong Foundation. J. L?pez would like to acknowledge the support of CONACYT and PRODEP. L. H. Ju?rez acknowledges to the Mexican Network of Mathematics and Development (Red de Matem?ticas y Desarrollo) from CONACYT and the Math Graduate Program of Universidad Aut?noma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa. Y. Braiman would like to acknowledge support from the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Advanced Scientific Computing Research. Oak Ridge National Laboratory is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC05-00OR22725.",

year = "2020",

month = feb,

day = "15",

doi = "10.1016/j.jcp.2019.109023",

language = "English",

volume = "403",

journal = "Journal of Computational Physics",

issn = "0021-9991",

publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}