One of the applications of the discriminant analysis on microarray data is to classify patient and normal samples based on gene expression values. The analysis is especially important in medical trials and diagnosis of cancer subtypes. The main contribution of this paper is to propose a simple Fisher-type discriminant method on gene selection in microarray data. In the new algorithm, we calculate a weight for each gene and use the weight values as an indicator to identify the subsets of relevant genes that categorize patient and normal samples. A l2 - l1 norm minimization method is implemented to the discriminant process to automatically compute the weights of all genes in the samples. The experiments on two microarray data sets have shown that the new algorithm can generate classification results as good as other classification methods, and effectively determine relevant genes for classification purpose. In this study, we demonstrate the gene selection’s ability and the computational effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. Experimental results are given to illustrate the usefulness of the proposed model.
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2007|