On-site CO2 bio-sequestration in anaerobic digestion: Current status and prospects

Suyun Xu, Zihao Qiao, Liwen Luo, Yongqi Sun, Jonathan Woon Chung Wong*, Xueyu Geng, Jing Ni

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


The advantages of anaerobic digestion (AD) technology in organic solid waste treatment for bioenergy recovery are evidenced in worldwide. Recently, more attention has been paid to on-site biogas research, as well as biogenic CO2 sequestration from AD plant, to promote “carbon neutral”. Single-phase and two-phase AD system can be incorporated with various CO2 bioconversion technologies through H2 mediated CO2 bioconversion (in-situ and ex-situ biogas upgrading), or other emerging strategies for CO2 fixation without exogenous H2 injection; these include in-situ direct interspecies electron transfer reinforcement, electromethanogenesis, and off-gas reutilization. The existing and potential scenarios for on-site CO2 bio-sequestration within the AD framework are reviewed from the perspectives of metabolic pathways, functional microorganisms, the limitations on reaction kinetics. This review concluded that on-site CO2 bio-sequestration is a promising solution to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase renewable energy recovery.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125037
Number of pages14
JournalBioresource Technology
Early online date23 Mar 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

User-Defined Keywords

  • Anaerobic digestion
  • Biogas upgrading
  • CO2 sequestration
  • Hydrogen
  • Methanogenesis


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