On-line capillary electrophoresis-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry analysis of urinary porphyrins

Jinhua Li, Wan Chan, Zongwei CAI*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


A rapid, high-resolution and high-efficiency novel method for the simultaneous determination of mesoporphyrin (MP), coproporphyrin (CP) and uroporphyrin (UP) in human urine by capillary electrophoresis coupled with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (CE-ESI-MS) was developed. The simple laboratory-made interface was developed by using a micro-tee connection and a liquid junction. The porphyrins were well separated by CE with a positive 12 kV voltage in a 20mM ammonium acetate buffer (pH 10.5) containing 40% v/v acetonitrile. The sheath liquid was composed of acetonitrile-water (50:50 v/v) containing 5mM ammonium acetate and 0.1% v/v formic acid (pH 3.0) with a flow rate of 5 μL/ min. The porphyrins were identified with the criteria of migration time and m/z values, and quantified with the measurement of peak area of [M+H]+ ion. Limits of detection for MP, CP and UP were 85 nM, 140 nM and 300 nM, respectively. The correlation coefficients of calibration curves were between 0.9956 and 0.9862. The intra-day precisions in terms of relative standard deviations (n=12) of the method were 1.1-3.9% for migration times and 2.3-14.1% for peak areas. The porphyrin recoveries of spiked urine samples were between 73% and 96%. The liquid junction interface for CE-ESI-MS was demonstrated to be applicable for the potential quantitative analysis of clinical samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1790-1797
Number of pages8
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - May 2009

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry

User-Defined Keywords

  • Capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry
  • Liquid junction interface
  • Porphyrins
  • Urine


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