The drift, the risk-free interest rate, and the volatility change over time horizon in realistic financial world. These frustrations break the necessary assumptions in the Black-Scholes model (BSM) in which all parameters are assumed to be constant. To better model the real markets, a modified BSM is proposed for numerically evaluating options price-changeable parameters are allowed through the backward Markov regime switching. The method of fundamental solutions (MFS) is applied to solve the modified model and price a given option. A series of numerical simulations are provided to illustrate the effect of the changing market on option pricing.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Mathematics (miscellaneous)
- American option
- backward Markov regime switching
- European option
- free boundary problem
- method of fundamental solutions (MFS)