New monetarism with endogenous product variety and monopolistic competition

Mario Silva*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


I examine the role played by endogenous variety and monopolistic competition in the long-run transmission of monetary policy. I integrate free entry, product variety and monopolistic competition into a New Monetarist framework, considering preferences that give rise to either constant or variable markups. I find that inflation generally reduces variety. Under CES preferences, firms are inefficiently small, with the inefficiency increasing with product differentiation and the extent of search frictions. The Friedman rule is the best policy under CES preferences. In contrast, with variable elasticity of demand, inflation can increase firm size, reduce markups, and raise welfare, even though output is lower. Under CES preferences, the welfare cost of inflation is high; moreover, this cost increases monotonically with the markup and is higher with endogenous variety than with a fixed product space.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-181
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Economic Dynamics and Control
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2017

User-Defined Keywords

  • Money
  • Search and matching
  • Monopolistic competition
  • Taste for variety
  • Free entry
  • Welfare cost of inflation


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