Natural Compounds with Anti-BACE1 Activity as Promising Therapeutic Drugs for Treating Alzheimer's Disease

Mehjabeen Naushad*, S S Kumar DURAIRAJAN, Amal Kanti Bera, Sanjib Senapati, Min LI

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease is a neurodegenerative disease that leads to irreversible neuronal damage. Senile plaques, composed of amyloid beta peptide, is the principal abnormal characteristic of the disease. Among the factors involved, the secretase enzymes, namely, α secretase, beta-site amyloid precursor protein-cleaving enzyme, β secretase, and γ secretase, hold consequential importance. Beta-site amyloid precursor protein-cleaving enzyme 1 is considered to be the rate-limiting factor in the production of amyloid beta peptide. Research supporting the concept of inhibition of beta-site amyloid precursor protein-cleaving enzyme activity as one of the effective therapeutic targets in the mitigation of Alzheimer's disease is well accepted. The identification of natural compounds, such as β -amyloid precursor protein-selective beta-site amyloid precursor protein-cleaving enzyme inhibitors, and the idea of compartmentalisation of the beta-site amyloid precursor protein-cleaving enzyme 1 action have caused a dire need to closely examine the natural compounds and their effectiveness in the disease mitigation. Many natural compounds have been reported to effectively modulate beta-site amyloid precursor protein-cleaving enzyme 1. At lower doses, compounds like 2,2′,4′-trihydroxychalcone acid, quercetin, and myricetin have been shown to effectively reduce beta-site amyloid precursor protein-cleaving enzyme 1 activity. The currently used five drugs that are marketed and used for the management of Alzheimer's disease have an increased risk of toxicity and restricted therapeutic efficiency, hence, the search for new anti-Alzheimer's disease drugs is of primary concern. A variety of natural compounds having pure pharmacological moieties showing multitargeting activity and others exhibiting specific beta-site amyloid precursor protein-cleaving enzyme 1 inhibition as discussed below have superior biosafety. Many of these compounds, which are isolated from medicinal herbs and marine flora, have been long used for the treatment of various ailments since ancient times in the Chinese and Ayurvedic medical systems. The aim of this article is to review the available data on the selected natural compounds, giving emphasis to the inhibition of beta-site amyloid precursor protein-cleaving enzyme 1 activity as a mode of Alzheimer's disease treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1316-1325
Number of pages10
JournalPlanta Medica
Volume85
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • Organic Chemistry

User-Defined Keywords

  • alkaloids
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • BACE1
  • BACE1 inhibitors
  • flavonoids
  • phenolics
  • terpenes

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