From 1911 ROC governed China, since then ROC attempted to influence the overseas Chinese communities. Hong Kong is one of the locations, where they attempted to control the mass media and run the schools. In 1928, the Chinese Ministry of education of the ROC required all overseas Chinese schools (which includes Hong Kong) to register with a specifically - designated bureaus and to use a designated curriculum and textbooks. After ROC settled in Taiwan, officials were sent to Hong Kong and resources were distributed to Hong Kong which were used to handle matters related to overseas Chinese in relation to education, economics, culture, media, party affairs, residents welfare and intellectual agency (Lu and Zhao, 1939). The establishment and running of these organizations reflected the political strategies of the ROC state and served as part of their unification agenda. With reference to the records, 209 pro-ROC schools were found in Hong Kong by 1997, with 82 middle schools, 119 were primary schools and 8 were vocational schools (Lin, 2002; Yang, 2011). Before the 1980s the guiding ideology of the ROC government was (1) the Three Principles of the People which was espoused by Sun Yat-sen. In our study, we have noticed four other topics including (2) China’s Traditional Cultural Values; (3) Political Education and Kuomintang; (4) Dewey’s pragmatic education philosophy and Hu Shih and (5) Conscription in Taiwan are also widely practiced in its education.
|Publication status||Submitted - 2018|
- National Education
- Pro-ROC Schools