Narrative Music in Congruent and Incongruent TV Advertising

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)


Recent research suggests that music comprises a sign system that could add meanings to advertising. However, research in this area is scant and there is practically no research that has examined the process by which consumers use music to create meanings. This study extends previous research on print advertising to delineate effects of music in congruent / incongruent TV advertising. A mixed design integrating features of qualitative and quantitative methods was used. Results indicated that the viewers' knowledge of cultural texts form a reference point for reading the commercials. Specifically, music in congruent ads reduces "noise" by reinforcing the connecting cultural context to communicate meanings. However, music in incongruent ads helps enact an alternative context that is meaningful to the viewer to communicate the ad message.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-34
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Advertising
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2000

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Communication
  • Marketing


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