Mycorrhizo-remediation of lead/zinc mine tailings using vetiver: A field study

Sheng Chun Wu, Ching Chi Wong, Wen Sheng Shu, Adual G. Khan, Ming Hung WONG

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


A field study of Pb/Zn mine tailings was conducted to assess the influence of AM fungi and refuse compost on phytoremediation using vetiver grass slips. Our investigation revealed that vetiver could thrive on Pb/Zn mine tailings. The addition of refuse compost resulted in biomass that was more than 3-times higher when compared with the control, and were mainly attributed to an improvement of soil properties, as well as better nutrient supply than untreated control. AMF inoculation also significantly increased the dry matter of vetiver by a rate of 8.1-13.8%. It was observed that concentrations of N and P in the shoots were significantly higher in mycorrhizal treatments than those without AMF inoculation. However, AMF inoculation significantly decreased the metal concentrations in root, but not in shoot. Based on the results, it seems clear that AMF can play an essential role in the phytostabilization of metal contaminated soils.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-74
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Phytoremediation
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Plant Science

User-Defined Keywords

  • Arbuscular mycorrhiza
  • G. mosseae
  • Glomus intraradices
  • N
  • Organic matter
  • P
  • Pb
  • Vetiver grass
  • Vetiveria zizanioides
  • Zn


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