Multiple foci and bases of commitment in a Chinese workforce

Andy W. Chana, Ed SNAPE, Tom Redmanc

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

    11 Citations (Scopus)


    We evaluate the contribution of multiple foci and bases of commitment in explaining work attitudes and behaviours in a Chinese workforce. Findings suggest that the organization, supervisor, co-workers and the union were seen by respondents as separate commitment foci, along with both the affective and instrumental bases. Affective commitments were related differently to organizational and union citizenship behaviours and withdrawal cognitions, providing some evidence of a matching of focal commitments and outcomes. Instrumental commitments were less successful in predicting outcomes, apart from organizational withdrawal cognitions. Our findings provide additional evidence on the utility of the multiple commitments perspective in the Chinese context, extending previous studies to include union commitment and providing some initial support for the inclusion of instrumental-based commitments.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3290-3304
    Number of pages15
    JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
    Issue number16
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

    Scopus Subject Areas

    • Strategy and Management
    • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
    • Management of Technology and Innovation

    User-Defined Keywords

    • Affective commitment
    • China
    • Instrumental commitment
    • Multiple commitments
    • Organizational citizenship behaviour
    • Union citizenship behaviour


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