Multiple foci and bases of commitment in a Chinese workforce

Andy W. Chana, Ed SNAPE, Tom Redmanc

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


We evaluate the contribution of multiple foci and bases of commitment in explaining work attitudes and behaviours in a Chinese workforce. Findings suggest that the organization, supervisor, co-workers and the union were seen by respondents as separate commitment foci, along with both the affective and instrumental bases. Affective commitments were related differently to organizational and union citizenship behaviours and withdrawal cognitions, providing some evidence of a matching of focal commitments and outcomes. Instrumental commitments were less successful in predicting outcomes, apart from organizational withdrawal cognitions. Our findings provide additional evidence on the utility of the multiple commitments perspective in the Chinese context, extending previous studies to include union commitment and providing some initial support for the inclusion of instrumental-based commitments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3290-3304
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

User-Defined Keywords

  • Affective commitment
  • China
  • Instrumental commitment
  • Multiple commitments
  • Organizational citizenship behaviour
  • Union citizenship behaviour


Dive into the research topics of 'Multiple foci and bases of commitment in a Chinese workforce'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this