Multifunctional theranostic agents based on prussian blue nanoparticles for tumor targeted and MRI - Guided photodynamic/photothermal combined treatment

Xiao Lin, Yanbing Cao, Yanan Xue, Fengshou Wu, Faquan Yu*, Ming Wu, Xunjin ZHU

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The independence of photodynamic or photothermal modality create difficulties in the success of tumor therapy. In this current study, a multifunctional nanotheranostic agent of PDE-Ce6-HA was developed for tumor targeted and MRI-guided photodynamic/photothermal combined therapy (PDT/PTT). For this purpose, the near-infrared-absorbing nanoparticles of prussian blue were coated with polydopamine and successively conjugated with chlorin e6 (Ce6) for reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. The resultant nanoparticles, denoted as PDE-Ce6, were then modified with hyaluronic acid (HA) through electrostatic interaction to yield the final therapeutic agent of PDE-Ce6-HA NPs. PDE-Ce6-HA NPs not only exhibited high colloid stability, good biocompatibility and suitable transverse relaxation rate (0.54 mM-1s-1), but also high photothermal conversion efficiency (40.4%) and excellent ROS generation efficiency under NIR light irradiation. The confocal microscopy images demonstrated a selective uptake of PDE-Ce6-HA by CD44 overexpressed HeLa cells via HA-mediated endocytosis. Meanwhile, in vitro anti-cancer evaluation verified the significant photodynamic and photothermal combined effects of PDE-Ce6-HA on cancer cells. Moreover, PDE-Ce6-HA led to an increase of T1-MRI contrast in tumor site. Furthermore, in vivo anti-tumor evaluation proved that the PDE-Ce6-HA under both 808 and 670 nm laser showed significantly high tumor growth inhibition effects compared with individual PTT or PDT. Hence, PDE-Ce6-HA is applicable in tumor targeted and MRI-guided photodynamic/photothermal combined treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number135101
JournalNanotechnology
Volume31
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2020

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

User-Defined Keywords

  • combination treatment
  • MRI
  • photodynamic therapy (PDT)
  • photothermal therapy (PTT)
  • prussian blue nanoparticles
  • targeted delivery

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