A one-dimensional nanofibrillar array formed by the co-assembly of native and biotin-functionalized beta-amyloid (Aβ) peptide was developed for biomolecule sensing. With the presence of biotin moiety, a variety of biomolecular probes can be conjugated onto the nanofibrils, thus converting the protein assembly into a miniature biosensor. In this work, DNA probes were immobilized onto the fibril for the detection of cDNA sequences. The as-developed "DNA-nanoarray" achieved a detection limit at subattomole level (183 fM in 10 μL). This highly sensitive, yet simple, assay requires a trace amount of sample consumption (<10 μL) and is pretreatment-free. In addition, we reported the preparation of alternate-segmented amyloid nanofibrils with multifunctionality. The fibrils hereby serve as an encoded template that can be visualized with various fluorescence labeling dyes for barcode recognition purpose, and, hence, multiplex detection of biomolecules was achieved. Regarding that each protein nanofibril represents a single detection platform, a large number of single fibrils simultaneously are monitored with the dual-color TIRFM in a high-throughput manner.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Analytical Chemistry