Multicomponent intervention combining a cognitive stimulation group and tai chi to reduce cognitive decline among community-dwelling older adults with probable dementia: A multi-center, randomized controlled trial

Daniel YOUNG*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: This research study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention that combines a cognitive stimulation group and tai chi to reduce cognitive decline among community-dwelling Chinese older adults with probable dementia. Methods: A multi-center, randomized controlled trial design was adopted in this study. In addition to treat as usual, the treatment group (n = 41) participated in a structured cognitive stimulation group followed by tai chi twice a week, with a total of 14 sessions held during the study period. The control group (n = 39) received treat as usual. Mattis Dementia Rating Scale and Mini-Mental State Examination were used for assessing the cognitive abilities of participants in the pre- and post-treatment periods. Results: A 2 × 2 repeated measures analysis of covariance demonstrated that the treatment group was more effective than the control group on improving Dementia Rating Scale score (F = 7.45, p <.01) with a moderate effect size (partial eta square =.09) and Mini-Mental State Examination score (F = 9.96, p <.01) with a moderate to large effect size (partial eta square =.12) after controlling for age, gender, educational level, marital status, and number of physical illnesses. Conclusion: The present study demonstrates the effectiveness of the multicomponent intervention on improving cognitive ability among community-dwelling older adults with probable dementia, suggesting that the multicomponent intervention can facilitate early identification, assessment, and treatment for community-dwelling older adults with probable dementia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2073-2089
Number of pages17
JournalDementia
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2020

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • cognitive stimulation therapy
  • multicomponent intervention
  • probable dementia
  • randomized controlled trial
  • tai chi

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Multicomponent intervention combining a cognitive stimulation group and tai chi to reduce cognitive decline among community-dwelling older adults with probable dementia: A multi-center, randomized controlled trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this