The prevalence of diabetes mellitus has been increasing for decades worldwide. To develop safe and potent therapeutics, animal models contribute a lot to the studies of the mechanisms underlying its pathogenesis. Dietary induction using is a well-accepted protocol in generating insulin resistance and diabetes models. In the present study, we reported the multi-omics profiling of the liver and sera from both peripheral blood and hepatic portal vein blood from Macaca fascicularis that spontaneously developed Type-2 diabetes mellitus with a chow diet (sDM). The other two groups of the monkeys fed with chow diet and high-fat high-sugar (HFHS) diet, respectively, were included for comparison. Analyses of various omics datasets revealed the alterations of high consistency. Between the sDM and HFHS monkeys, both the similar and unique alterations in the lipid metabolism have been demonstrated from metabolomic, transcriptomic, and proteomic data repeatedly. The comparison of the proteome and transcriptome confirmed the involvement of fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) in the diet-induced pathogenesis of diabetes in macaques. Furthermore, the commonly changed genes between spontaneous diabetes and HFHS diet-induced prediabetes suggested that the alterations in the intra- and extracellular structural proteins and cell migration in the liver might mediate the HFHS diet induction of diabetes mellitus.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Pharmacology (medical)
- cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis)
- non-human primates
- spontaneous diabetes mellitus