Advancing perovskite solar cell (PVSC) technologies toward its theoretical power conversion efficiency (PCE) and optimum stability requires stringent control over interfacial trap densities in the devices. By introducing a new macromolecular interlayer material of PPDIN6 at the PCBM/Ag interface for planar p-i-n PVSCs, we succeeded in significantly reducing the trap density, thereby facilitating electron extraction and suppressing electron recombination at the interface. Consequently, a PCE of 20.43% was achieved with a record fill factor of 83.4%, which is one of the highest values for planar p-i-n PVSCs. Moreover, the amine groups in PPDIN6 could neutralize the migrating iodide ions and thus inhibit the formation of the insulating Ag–I bonds on the surface of the Ag electrode. As a result, we realized long-term stability for PPDIN6 based PVSCs, which maintained 85% of their initial performance after continuous operation at their maximum power point for 200 h under 1-sun illumination in air with a relative humidity of 30–50%.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Fill factor
- Perovskite solar cells
- Trap density