MIL-101(Fe)-derived magnetic porous carbon as sorbent for stir bar sorptive-dispersive microextraction of sulfonamides

Peige Qin, Lizhen Han, Xiaowan Zhang, Mengyuan Li, Dan Li, Minghua Lu*, Zongwei Cai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Abstract: Using MIL-101(Fe) as the source of carbon and Fe, a magnetic porous carbon (MPC) material with Fe3C nanoparticles encapsulated in porous carbon was prepared through one-pot pyrolysis under N2 atmosphere. With MPC as adsorption material, a stir bar sorptive-dispersive microextraction (SBSDME) method was proposed to extract and preconcentrate sulfonamides (SAs) prior to HPLC-DAD determination. To investigate their extraction ability, different MPC materials were prepared under different carbonization temperatures (600, 700, 800, 900, and 1000 °C). The material prepared under 900 °C (MPC-900) exhibited the highest extraction ability for SAs. The as-prepared MPC materials were also characterized by Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, zeta potential, and other techniques. The main parameters that affect extraction were systematically studied. Under optimal conditions, favorable linearity (R2 ≥ 0.9938) and detection limits (0.02–0.04 ng mL−1) of sulfonamides were obtained. The average recoveries for spiked milk and lake water samples ranged from 76.9 to 109% and from 75.4 to 118% with RSDs of 3.10–9.63% and 1.71–11.3%, respectively. Sulfameter and sulfisoxazole were detected in milk sample. Sulfisoxazole was detected in the lake water sample. The MPC-900 material demonstrated excellent reusability. It can be reused 24 times with peak areas having no obvious decline. The method can be applied to extract ultra-trace compounds in complex sample matrices. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Article number340
JournalMicrochimica Acta
Issue number10
Early online date14 Sept 2021
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

User-Defined Keywords

  • HPLC
  • Magnetic porous carbon (MPC)
  • MIL-101(Fe)
  • Sample pretreatment
  • Stir bar sorptive-dispersive microextraction (SBSDME)
  • Sulfonamides (SAs)


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