METAMVGL: a multi-view graph-based metagenomic contig binning algorithm by integrating assembly and paired-end graphs

Zhenmiao ZHANG, Lu ZHANG*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Due to the complexity of microbial communities, de novo assembly on next generation sequencing data is commonly unable to produce complete microbial genomes. Metagenome assembly binning becomes an essential step that could group the fragmented contigs into clusters to represent microbial genomes based on contigs’ nucleotide compositions and read depths. These features work well on the long contigs, but are not stable for the short ones. Contigs can be linked by sequence overlap (assembly graph) or by the paired-end reads aligned to them (PE graph), where the linked contigs have high chance to be derived from the same clusters.

Results: We developed METAMVGL, a multi-view graph-based metagenomic contig binning algorithm by integrating both assembly and PE graphs. It could strikingly rescue the short contigs and correct the binning errors from dead ends. METAMVGL learns the two graphs’ weights automatically and predicts the contig labels in a uniform multi-view label propagation framework. In experiments, we observed METAMVGL made use of significantly more high-confidence edges from the combined graph and linked dead ends to the main graph. It also outperformed many state-of-the-art contig binning algorithms, including MaxBin2, MetaBAT2, MyCC, CONCOCT, SolidBin and GraphBin on the metagenomic sequencing data from simulation, two mock communities and Sharon infant fecal samples.

Conclusions: Our findings demonstrate METAMVGL outstandingly improves the short contig binning and outperforms the other existing contig binning tools on the metagenomic sequencing data from simulation, mock communities and infant fecal samples.
Original languageEnglish
Article number378
Number of pages13
JournalBMC Bioinformatics
Volume22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jul 2021

User-Defined Keywords

  • Contig binning
  • Assembly graph
  • Paired-end graph
  • Dead end
  • Multi-view label propagation

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