A new class of high-efficiency oxidation catalysts has been prepared using a combined surfactant and colloidal crystal templating method. The Pd/Ce xZr1-xO2 products possess mesoporous structures and macrochannels. XRD and EXD analyses confirmed the formation of a 0.8 wt.% Pd/Ce0.6Zr0.4O2 with a cubic phase at temperatures above 700°C. With increasing calcination temperature, better crystallization of the cubic phase and incorporation of more zirconium into the ceria lattice were observed. The extent of surface Ce3+ and oxygen vacancies on the samples were studied by the XPS measurements. The T 50 and T90 for CO oxidation over Pd supported catalysts were 65°C and 75°C respectively. These values were better than those obtained from catalysts without macrochannel structures and the one prepared by the co-precipitation method. Such high catalytic efficiency can be explained by the high crystal phase homogeneity, availability of more oxygen vacancies and an enlarged surface area.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Materials Chemistry