Research findings aimed at understanding depression in ethnic elderly Chinese are lacking. Using a revised version of the Chinese Geriatric Depression Scale, this replication study measures the prevalence of depression and its related explanatory factors in a community sample of elderly Chinese. One in five respondents was found to be depressed. Reliability and validity of the instrument support the applicability of the Chinese GDS in measuring depression in elderly Chinese. The practice implications of serving the elderly Chinese population are also discussed.