Mass spectrometric determination of N7-HPTE-dG and N7-HPTE-Gua in mammalian cells and mice exposed to methoxychlor, an emergent persistent organic pollutant

Jiabin Wu, Fuyue Wang, Guangshan Xie, Zongwei Cai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Methoxychlor (MXC) is an organopesticide classified as a “Proposed Persistent Organic Pollutant” in the Stockholm Convention, and recent studies revealed that MXC could induce DNA strand breaks, whereas its underlying mechanisms were underinvestigated. Here, we first reported that hydroxymethoxychlor (HPTE), one of MXC's active metabolites, could be oxidized in vivo to form quinone intermediate, which attacked N7 position of 2′-deoxyguanosine to form N7-HPTE-deoxyguanosine (N7-HPTE-dG), followed by depurination to produce N7-HPTE-guanine (N7-HPTE-Gua) in MXC-treated mammalian cells and tissues from mice fed with MXC, employing an ultra-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI-MS/MS) method. We observed a positive correlation between the doses of MXC exposure and the levels of N7-HPTE-Gua and N7-HPTE-dG in cytoplasm and genomic DNA, respectively. Furthermore, after removal of exogenous MXC, the amount of genomic N7-HPTE-dG was significantly decreased during 24 h, while the level of cytoplasmic N7-HPTE-Gua was elevated during first 12 h, indicating the accumulation of the N7-HPTE-Gua in cells. Additionally, for animal experiment, genomic N7-HPTE-dG was observed in livers and cortexes from female C57BL/6 mice fed with MXC, suggesting a potential mechanism of its hepatoxicity and neurotoxicity. Overall, our study provides new understanding about the formation of MXC-induced DNA adducts in mammalian cells and animal models.

Original languageEnglish
Article number128741
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume432
Early online date22 Mar 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2022

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

User-Defined Keywords

  • DNA adduct
  • Health risks
  • LC-MS
  • MXC
  • POPs

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