Manipulating historical tensions in East Asian popular culture

Research output: Chapter in book/report/conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Japan invaded Northern China in June 1937, following the so-called Marco Polo Bridge Incident (or the Lugouqia Incident). The Japanese Imperial Army conquered about a third of the Republic of China within six months, including Beijing and Shanghai, and arrived at the then-capital Nanjing (or Nanking) in December 1937. The Imperial Army had no difficulty in capturing the city since most of Chiang Kai-Shek’s soldiers had already fled. The army immediately began to slaughter hundreds of thousands of Chinese soldiers and civilians. The killings continued for a period of weeks. The number of Chinese murdered remains a controversy to this day: the Chinese allege that more than 300, 000 people were killed and more than 20, 000 women were raped, while some Japanese historians challenge those figures and rightist groups simply deny that the massacre even happened.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPopular Culture and the State in East and Southeast Asia
EditorsNissim Otmazgin, Eyal Ben-Ari
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9780203801536
ISBN (Print)9780415679695, 9781138017108
Publication statusPublished - 14 Oct 2011

Publication series

NameRoutledge Studies in Asia's Transformations

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Social Sciences(all)


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