Lost in multitasking: An exploration of Chinese university students’ in-class smartphone multitasking patterns using multiple approaches

Yujie Zhou*, Liping Deng

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Smartphone multitasking is prevalent in university classrooms, yet the nature and characteristics of this behavior have not been sufficiently understood. This empirical study explores in-class smartphone multitasking behaviors using diverse research approaches to achieve a more authentic and holistic understanding of this pervasive behavior. First, semi-structured interviews were conducted to investigate the prevalence of in-class smartphone use, the types of smartphone tasks that students engaged in, and the modes of smartphone multitasking. Experience-sampling method (ESM) was used to capture the frequency and duration of smartphone use. Subsequently, a questionnaire survey was applied to validate the data collected in the former stage. The results provide a detailed and comprehensive account of in-class smartphone multitasking behaviors, including its prevalence, task types, modes, frequency, and duration. These findings highlight the need for educational researchers and practitioners to consider this behavior from multiple perspectives and with a holistic approach.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-18
    Number of pages18
    JournalAustralasian Journal of Educational Technology
    Volume40
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 9 Apr 2024

    User-Defined Keywords

    • in-class smartphone multitasking
    • real-time classroom
    • university classroom
    • multiple methods
    • experience sampling method

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