Proteins in cellular environments are highly susceptible. Local perturbations to any residue can be sensed by other spatially distal residues in the protein molecule, showing long-range correlations in the native dynamics of proteins. The long-range correlations of proteins contribute to many biological processes such as allostery, catalysis, and transportation. Revealing the structural origin of such long-range correlations is of great significance in understanding the design principle of biologically functional proteins. In this work, based on a large set of globular proteins determined by X-ray crystallography, by conducting normal mode analysis with the elastic network models, we demonstrate that such long-range correlations are encoded in the native topology of the proteins. To understand how native topology defines the structure and the dynamics of the proteins, we conduct scaling analysis on the size dependence of the slowest vibration mode, average path length, and modularity. Our results quantitatively describe how native proteins balance between order and disorder, showing both dense packing and fractal topology. It is suggested that the balance between stability and flexibility acts as an evolutionary constraint for proteins at different sizes. Overall, our result not only gives a new perspective bridging the protein structure and its dynamics but also reveals a universal principle in the evolution of proteins at all different sizes.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Modelling and Simulation
- Molecular Biology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Computational Theory and Mathematics