Liquid-Phase Transfer of Organic–Inorganic Halide Perovskite Films for TEM Investigation and Planar Heterojunction Fabrication

Shuai Guo, Xiangzhao Zhang, Mingwei Hao, Tianwei Duan, Weizhen Wang, Zhimin Li, Guiwu Liu, Songhua Cai*, Yuanyuan Zhou*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Organic–inorganic halide perovskites (OIHPs) show high promise in optical and electronic applications such as solar cells, light-emitting diodes, and nonlinear optics. However, the fundamental knowledge of the atomic-scale microstructures in OIHP thin films is limited due to the challenge in characterizing them using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Here a solution-phase “release-and-transfer” method is demonstrated, which entails the lifting of OIHP films from their original substrates while maintaining the film integrity, followed by a sequential transfer onto a TEM grid. The freestanding nature of the OIHP films with a nanoscale thickness, prepared as such, allows a direct TEM observation in the plan view, complementing those typical cross-sectional views enabled by focus-ion-beam specimen fabrication. Using low-dose scanning TEM, the atomic-scale microstructure of transferred OIHP films is confirmed to be generally maintained, while the microstrain existing in original films is largely relaxed. This “release-and-transfer” method is generic to both standard 3D and low-dimensional OIHPs. Based on a simple layer-by-layer transfer, the fabrication of a 2D–3D planar heterojunction with a good interfacial contact and optoelectronic properties is achieved. This unique methodology offers new opportunities to accelerate the fundamental and practical developments of OIHP materials and devices.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2301255
Number of pages9
JournalAdvanced Optical Materials
Issue number8
Early online date10 Oct 2023
Publication statusPublished - 14 Mar 2024

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

User-Defined Keywords

  • halide perovskites
  • microstructure
  • scanning transmission electron microscopy
  • solar cells
  • transfer


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