Lexical bundles in conversation across Englishes: What can core and peripheral bundles reveal?

Michelle Z P HUANG*, Gavin Bui

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review


This study adopts Nelson's (2014) methodological framework to investigate core and peripheral lexical bundles (i.e. recurrent multi-word sequences) in conversation, using data from the British, Canadian, Singapore, and Hong Kong components of the International Corpus of English (ICE). The overlap and non-overlap comparisons reveal (dis)similarities in the use of bundles across the four World Englishes (WEs). Our findings suggest that in terms of discourse building blocks, the more advanced a variety is according to Schneider's (2007) Dynamic Model of New Englishes, the more lexical bundles it shares with the common core in conversation. Canadian English (CanE) shares the most common ground with British English (BrE). As a nascent variety, Hong Kong English (HKE) differs most from BrE, while Singapore English falls between CanE and HKE. Though the results do not correlate with Schneider's Dynamic Model at the level of recurring chunks, they allow us to test predictions of WEs models. Quantitative and qualitative analyses enable the identification of bundles with significantly high frequency in each regional variety, thus enriching comparative research of WEs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-324
Number of pages26
JournalEnglish World-Wide
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 24 Sept 2019

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

User-Defined Keywords

  • Conversation
  • Core and periphery
  • Corpus-based
  • Lexical bundles
  • Schneider's Dynamic Model
  • World Englishes


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