Large-scale synthesis, characterization and microwave absorption properties of carbon nanotubes of different helicities

Xiaosi Qi, Yi Yang, Wei Zhong*, Yu Deng, Chak Tong AU, Youwei Du

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes of high helicity (H-HCNTs, Sample A) have been synthesized in large-scale by pyrolysis of acetylene at 450 °C over Fe nanoparticles derived from coprecipitation/hydrogen reduction method. With controlled introduction of hydrogen during acetylene pyrolysis, CNTs of low helicity (L-HCNTs, Sample B) and worm-like CNTs (Sample C) were obtained in large quantities. The yields of the CNTs products are high, especially that of H-HCNTs (ca. 7474%). The complex permittivity and permeability of Composites A, B, and C that contain Samples A, B and C (30 wt%) were measured in the 2-18 GHz frequency range. Good absorption of electromagnetic wave (reflection loss<-20 dB) was observed in the 7.18-10.68 and 7.5-10.7 GHz range over Composites B and C (2.0-3.0 mm thickness), respectively. Thus, through the suggested route, CNTs can be produced easily and selectively in large quantities. The lightweight materials can be utilized for microwave absorption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2691-2697
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume182
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

User-Defined Keywords

  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Complex permeability
  • Complex permittivity
  • Reflection loss

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