Large-scale land-sea interactions extend ozone pollution duration in coastal cities along northern China

Yanhua Zheng, Fei Jiang*, Shuzhuang Feng, Yang Shen, Huan Liu, Hai Guo, Xiaopu Lyu, Mengwei Jia, Chenxi Lou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review


Land-sea atmosphere interaction (LSAI) is one of the important processes affecting ozone (O3) pollution in coastal areas. The effects of small-scale LSAIs like sea-land breezes have been widely studied. However, it is not fully clear how and to what extent the large-scale LSAIs affect O3 pollution. Here we explored an O3 episode to illuminate the role of large-scale LSAIs in O3 pollution over the Bohai–Yellow Seas and adjacent areas through observations and model simulations. The results show that the northern Bohai Sea's coastal region, influenced by the Mongolian High, initially experienced a typical unimodal diurnal O3 variation for three days, when O3 precursors from Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei, Shandong, and Northeast China were transported to the Bohai–Yellow Seas. Photochemical reactions generated O3 within marine air masses, causing higher O3 levels over the seas than coastal regions. As the Mongolian High shifted eastward and expanded, southerly winds on its western edge transported O3-rich marine air masses toward the coast, prolonging pollution for an additional three days and weakening diurnal variations. Subsequently, emissions from the Korean Peninsula and marine shipping significantly affected O3 levels in the northern Bohai Sea (10.7% and 13.7%, respectively). Notably, Shandong's emissions played a substantial role in both phases (27.5% and 26.1%, respectively). These findings underscore the substantial impact of large-scale LSAIs driven by the Mongolian High on O3 formation and pollution duration in coastal cities. This insight helps understand and manage O3 pollution in northern Bohai Sea cities and broadly applies to temperate coastal cities worldwide.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100322
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Science and Ecotechnology
Early online date26 Sept 2023
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Ecology
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Mongolian high
  • Sea-crossing transport
  • Source apportionment


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