Land conversion and urban settlement intentions of the rural population in China: A case study of suburban Nanjing

Shuangshuang Tang*, Pu HAO, Xianjin Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rapid urban expansion in China has created a large population of landless farmers. Because these landless farmers are under-compensated for land acquisition and discriminated against by urban institutions, many of them face tremendous difficulties in their urban lives. Consequently, rural citizens generally resist land acquisition and conversion to urban residency. However, given the recent improvements in land compensation standards, the educational qualifications of the rural population and urban employment opportunities, the situation is likely to change. Based on a 2014 survey conducted in Nanjing's suburban Jiangning District, this paper examines the land conversion and settlement intentions of rural citizens under the new circumstances. Both in-depth interviews with local villagers and regression models suggest that relinquishing farmland and housing land and settling in the city are distinct decisions determined by dissimilar factors. The findings suggest that a compensation scheme that integrates rural land requisition and resettlement allocation barely meets the requirements of the affected villagers, which explains the observed resistance of rural citizens to land conversion and urban settlement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-158
Number of pages10
JournalHabitat International
Volume51
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Urban Studies

User-Defined Keywords

  • Hukou
  • Land conversion
  • Nanjing
  • Rural migrants
  • Settlement intentions

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