This study investigated the feasibility of hydrogen (H2) and L-lactic acid production from starch under capnophilic lactic fermentation (CLF) conditions by using Thermotoga neapolitana. Batch experiments were performed in 120 mL serum bottles and a 3 L pH-controlled continuous stirred-tank reactors (CSTR) system with potato and wheat starch as the substrates. A H2 yield of 3.34 (±0.17) and 2.79 (±0.17) mol H2/mol of glucose eq. was achieved with, respectively, potato and wheat starch. In the presence of CO2, L-lactic acid production by the acetyl-CoA carboxylation was significantly higher for the potato starch (0.88 ± 0.39 mol lactic acid/mol glucose eq.) than wheat starch (0.33 ± 0.11 mol lactic acid/mol glucose eq.). A kinetic model was applied to simulate and predict the T. neapolitana metabolic profile and bioreactor performance under CLF conditions. The CLF-based starch fermentation suggests a new direction to biotransform agri-food waste into biofuels and valuable biochemicals.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Agri-food waste
- Lactic acid
- Thermotoga neapolitana