Kerr soliton frequency comb generation in nonlinear microcavities with compact configurations are promising on-chip sources. Current Kerr comb generation by using a single microcavity with a tunable CW pump laser or high-power femtosecond pulse pump are difficult to be integrated on chip. In this paper, we propose an on-chip soliton comb generation scheme by tuning the coupling coefficient of two coupled microcavities instead of tuning the wavelength of the cw pump laser or using a pulsed pump laser in a single microcavity. The two microcavities are assumed to be identical. We showed by numerical simulation that Kerr comb generation is possible in both the blue and red detuned regions of the main microcavity in the coupled cavity system. We further found that the range and boundary of the soliton generation region of the couple microcavities depend on the coupling coefficient between the coupled cavities. To ensure that the modes being coupled have identical optical paths, we designed a Sagnac loop structure which couples the clockwise and counterclockwise modes in a single microcavity and demonstrated Kerr comb generation in both the blue and red detuned regions by tuning the coupling coefficient. The proposed Kerr comb generation scheme can be utilized for chip-scale integrated soliton comb sources, which will contribute to the development of on-chip applications.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics