Involvement of abscisic acid and cytokinins in the senescence and remobilization of carbon reserves in wheat subjected to water stress during grain filling

J. C. Yang, Jianhua ZHANG*, Z. Q. Wang, Q. S. Zhu, L. J. Liu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

149 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the possibility that abscisic acid (ABA) and cytokinins may mediate the effect of water deficit that enhances plant senescence and remobilization of pre-stored carbon reserves. Two high lodging-resistant wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars were field grown and treated with either a normal or high amount of nitrogen at heading. Well-watered (WW) and water-stressed (WS) treatments were imposed from 9 d post-anthesis until maturity. Chlorophyll (Chl) and photosynthetic rate (Pr) of the flag leaves declined faster in WS plants than in WW plants, indicating that the water deficit enhanced senescence. Water stress facilitated the reduction of non-structural carbohydrate in the stems and promoted the re-allocation of prefixed 14C from the stems to grains, shortened the grain filling period and increased the grain filling rate. Water stress substantially increased ABA but reduced zeatin (Z) + zeatin riboside (ZR) concentrations in the stems and leaves. ABA correlated significantly and negatively, whereas Z + ZR correlated positively, with Pr and Chl of the flag leaves. ABA but not Z + ZR, was positively and significantly correlated with remobilization of pre-stored carbon and grain filling rate. Exogenous ABA reduced ChI in the flag leaves, enhanced the remobilization, and increased grain filling rate. Spraying with kinetin had the opposite effect. The results suggest that both ABA and cytokinins are involved in controlling plant senescence, and an enhanced carbon remobilization and accelerated grain filling rate are attributed to an elevated ABA level in wheat plants when subjected to water stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1621-1631
Number of pages11
JournalPlant, Cell and Environment
Volume26
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2003

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science

User-Defined Keywords

  • Abscisic acid
  • Carbon remobilization
  • Cytokinins
  • Grain filling
  • Nitrogen
  • Senescence
  • Triticum aestivum
  • Water stress
  • Zeatin
  • Zeatin riboside

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