Investigation on modification of Ru/CNTs catalyst for the generation of COx-free hydrogen from ammonia

S. J. Wang, S. F. Yin, L. Li, B. Q. Xu*, C. F. Ng, Chak Tong AU

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

176 Citations (Scopus)


The modification of Ru/CNTs (CNTs denotes carbon nanotubes) with rare earth, alkali, and alkaline earth compounds were systematically studied. The loading of modifying agents leads to decrease in pore volume and surface area; but improvement in thermal stability of Ru/CNTs. The size and morphology of Ru particles are not affected by the modification. For the catalysts modified by metal nitrates, activities were found in the order of K-Ru>Na-Ru>Li- Ru>Ce-Ru>Ba-Ru>La-Ru>Ca-Ru>Ru, signifying that within the same groups (K, Na and Li; Ba and Ca), the higher the electronegativity of the promoter, the lower is the NH3 conversion. Of all the potassium salts adopted, KNO3, KOH, and KCO3 show similar promotional effect, suggesting that KOH is the active promoter for catalytic activity. The maximum promotional effect was observed at an atomic ratio of K/Ru=2. The electron-withdrawing groups, F-1, Cl-1, Br-1, SO42-, and PO43- are inhibitors of Ru catalysts. The results of N2-TPD investigation revealed that the promotional effects of a modifier is a combined result of: (i) enhancing combinative desorption of nitrogen atoms, and (ii) decreasing of the apparent activation energy of the decomposition reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-299
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 8 Oct 2004

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Catalysis
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

User-Defined Keywords

  • Ammonia decomposition
  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Catalyst promoter
  • Hydrogen generation
  • Ruthenium catalyst


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