Investigation on metabolism and pharmacokinetics of triclosan in rat plasma by using UPLC-triple quadrupole MS

Jianlin Wu, Hao Yue, Zongwei Cai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Triclosan has been widely used as a disinfectant in human health care products. Although this particular chemical is less toxic, its biotransformation products might have toxicity to human. Therefore, understanding the pharmacokinetics and metabolism of triclosan in animal and human body is important. Plasma samples from SD rats collected after the oral administration of 5 mg/kg triclosan were analyzed by ultra performance liquid chromatography (UPLC )-triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (TQMS) to support the pharmacokinetic study of triclosan. The method development was conducted with selected-ion-recording (SIR. also called SIM for selected-ion-monitoring) mode in ESI-MS and multiple-ion-monitoring (MRM) mode in MS/MS and the obtained results were compared. While MRM provided lower detection limits, its other method validation parameters were worse than those of SIR due to the poor fragmentation of triclosan. The developed SIR method provided limit of quantification of 10. 8 ng/mL in plasma. The recovery, accuracy, precision and repeatability were satisfactory. The pharmacokinetic data of triclosan in the rats were presented including the half time of elimination that was (48. 5 ± 10.5) h, indicating that the elimination of triclosan in the rat was slow. Two hydroxylated and sulfonated triclosan. one glucuronidated triclosan. and one sulfonated triclosan were identified in the rat plasma samples.


内的代谢变化是否对生物和人体有害我们还不得而知。因此,研究三氯生在动物体内的代谢与动力学情况是具有重要意义的。本文采用超高效液相色谱串联三级四极杆质谱法来测定口服给药(5 mg/kg)后大鼠血浆中的三氯生的含量及其代谢产物。相对于多反应监测(MRM)技术,尽管其有较好的最低检测限,但选择离子监测(SIR,又称为SIM)有更好的方法验证参数。在本试验中,选择离子监测方法检测限为10.8 ng/mL,方法的回收率、准确度、精密度和重现性都较高。用该方法测定的三氯生在大鼠体内的消除半衰期为(48.5 ± 10.5)h。同时,还鉴定出其三氯生血浆中有分别被羟基化加磺酸化、葡萄糖醛酸化以及磺酸化的4 个代谢产物。

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)724-730
Number of pages7
JournalChinese Journal of Chromatography
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2009

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry

User-Defined Keywords

  • triclosan
  • UPLC-triple quadrupole MS
  • rat plasma
  • 三氯生
  • 超高效液相色谱串联三级四极杆质谱
  • 大鼠血浆


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