Investigation of the effects of cyclodextrins and organic solvents on the separation of cationic surfactants in capillary electrophoresis

Terence S.K. So, Carmen W K HUIE*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The use of α- and β-cyclodextrin (CD) to understand and to improve the separation of a series of cationic surfactants, homologues of alkylbenzyldimethyl ammonium compounds (ABDACs) with an alkyl chain of varying length (C10-C18), in capillary electrophoresis (CE) is reported for the first time. Similar to the effects of organic solvents, the presence of α- or β-CD in the running buffer was found to reduce peak tailing/loss for the longer-chain ABDACs. Based on fluorescence measurements, it was found that formation of host-guest complexes occurred between α- or β-CD and various ABDACs, with the likelihood that the hydrophobic alkyl chain including into the CD cavity and the positively charged ammonium group remaining outside the cavity. The effects of α- or β-CD can be interpreted in terms of a shift away from the formation of (1) micelles in the buffer system and (2) surfactant aggregates at the fused-silica capillary walls, as a result of the formation of inclusion complexes between α- or β-CD and ABDACs. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-278
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Volume872
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2000

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

User-Defined Keywords

  • Cyclodextrins
  • Organic solvents
  • Quaternary ammonium compounds
  • Surfactants

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