Investigation of GDH/Laccase enzymes for bio-energy generation systems

Long Ho Chau, Ken C. F. Leung, Wen J. Li*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in book/report/conference proceedingConference proceedingpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biofuel cells are considered the most promising future energy source. This paper presents a bio-energy generation system based on the micro-fluidic platform which utilized enzymes as catalysts and glucose as a fuel to process the electro biochemical energy conversion and storage in a cell. This is known as the enzymatic bio-fuel cell (EBFC). It is designed to consist of two modified gold electrodes and a thickness-controlled PDMS as the micro fluidic channel for transporting the glucose solution. Electrical energy is generated by redox reaction through the process of glucose oxidation and oxygen reduction in the presence of glucose dehydrogenase (E.C. 1.1.1.47) and laccase (E.C. 1.10.3.2), the enzyme catalysts. The entire chemical reaction process is designed to take place between the cathode and anode without a proton exchange membrane. In addition to this project, some conducting materials, such as electronic-grade carbon nanotubes (EG-CNTs), palladium nanoparticles (PdNPs) and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have been analyzed to determine the effects on the power output. These materials were annexed to the gold electrodes and enzymes . The results show that using CNTs can provide steady and higher power output, the largest generated power density is 3.52μWm-3. The results also show that the biofuel cell could operate as a glucose biosensor which responds to the concentration of glucose.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2009 IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation
PublisherIEEE
Pages1855-1860
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781424426935
ISBN (Print)9781424426928
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009
Event2009 IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation, ICMA 2009 - Shangri-La Hotel, Changchun, Changchun, China
Duration: 9 Aug 200912 Aug 2009
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/conhome/5226790/proceeding

Conference

Conference2009 IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation, ICMA 2009
Country/TerritoryChina
CityChangchun
Period9/08/0912/08/09
Internet address

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

User-Defined Keywords

  • Bioelectrochemistry
  • Enzymatic biofuel cell
  • Microfluidics

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