## Abstract

Consider the scattering of a time-harmonic plane wave by a one-dimensional periodic surface. A novel computational method is proposed for solving the inverse elastic surface scattering problem by using the near-field data. Above the surface, the space is filled with a homogeneous and isotropic elastic medium, while the space below the surface is assumed to be elastically rigid. Given an incident field, the inverse problem is to reconstruct the surface from the displacement of the wave field at a horizontal line above the surface. This paper is a nontrivial extension of the authors' recent work on near-field imaging of the Helmholtz equation and the Maxwell equation to the more complicated Navier equation due to coexistence of the compressional and shear waves that propagate at different speed. Based on the Helmholtz decomposition, the wave field is decomposed into its compressional and shear parts by using two scalar potential functions. The transformed field expansion is then applied to each component and a coupled recurrence relation is obtained for their power series expansions. By solving the coupled system in the frequency domain, simple and explicit reconstruction formulas are derived for two types of measurement data. The method requires only a single illumination with a fixed frequency and incident angle. Numerical experiments show that it is simple, effective, and efficient to reconstruct the scattering surfaces with subwavelength resolution.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 035009 |

Journal | Inverse Problems |

Volume | 31 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Mar 2015 |

## Scopus Subject Areas

- Theoretical Computer Science
- Signal Processing
- Mathematical Physics
- Computer Science Applications
- Applied Mathematics

## User-Defined Keywords

- inverse elastic surface scattering
- near-field imaging
- subwavelength resolution