Intrinsic characteristics of health-related fear appeals from Chinese print OTC ads: Implications for fear message construction

Vivian C Sheer, Ling Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Focusing on intrinsic message characteristics, a textual analysis of unique print ads of over-the-counter medicine (OTC) from China suggests cross-cultural validity of the four-component structure — severity, susceptibility, response efficacy, and personal efficacy — for fear-appeal construction. The content and message framing reflect the Chinese cultural values of auspiciousness, family harmony, relational co-dependence, and “face,” and also explain the additional feature of “other efficacy” findings. An extended fear message model is proposed to incorporate the targeting approach of self-efficacy, other efficacy, value sensitive threats, and susceptibility portrayal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)936-958
JournalInternational Journal of Communication
Volume2
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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