Intersubjective Model of Value Transmission: Parents Using Perceived Norms as Reference When Socializing Children

Kim Pong Tam*, Sau Lai LEE, Young Hoon Kim, Yanmei Li, Melody Manchi Chao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


What values do parents want to transmit to children? The intersubjective model of value transmission posits that parents want to transmit not only the values they personally endorse but also the values they perceive to be normatively important in the society. The present research shows support to this premise. Furthermore, Studies 1 and 2 revealed that the use of perceived norms is moderated by families' social contexts and parents' personality: It was particularly pronounced among parents who were immigrants, who had a stronger need for closure, and who were more conforming. In addition, Studies 3 and 4 demonstrated that parents' perceived norms can explain actual value transmission: Values parents perceived to be normatively important were to some extent internalized by children. The intersubjective model paves some new directions for value transmission research, contributes to the understanding of cultural transmission and cultural change, and extends the intersubjective approach to culture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1041-1052
Number of pages12
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Social Psychology

User-Defined Keywords

  • conformity
  • immigrant
  • intersubjective approach
  • need for closure
  • perceived norms
  • value transmission


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