Intergenerational Engagement and Challenges: Participants’ Perspectives on Intergenerational Activities in Hong Kong

Daniel W.L. Lai*, Jia-Jia Zhou, Xue Bai, Rebecca Y.K. Lam, Yong-Zhen Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review


This study examined the motivations, perceived benefits, and challenges of engaging in intergenerational programs from the perspectives of older adults and university students. A narrative interview approach was employed, involving a sample of 38 older adults and 20 university students who participated in intergenerational programs in Hong Kong. The motivation to reinforce intergenerational contact, strengthen social cohesion, and previous productive experiences were driving forces behind individuals’ participation in intergenerational programs. Moreover, participating in intergenerational programs enhanced mutual understanding between generations, and expanded knowledge and social circles of participants. However, participants found it was challenging to cope with intergenerational conflicts, role conflict and ambiguity, inactive engagement, and difficulty in establishing meaningful connections between generations. It is suggested that program designers and organizers should establish collaboration between various institutions, provide appropriate training sessions, and incorporate meaningful and purposeful components in program design to improve the quality of intergenerational programs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Intergenerational Relationships
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Nov 2023

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Social Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies
  • Archaeology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Intergenerational programs
  • intergenerational conflicts
  • intergenerational relationship
  • life-long learning
  • mutual understanding


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