Interaction of nobiletin with methotrexate ameliorates 7-OH methotrexate-induced nephrotoxicity through endoplasmic reticulum stress-dependent PERK/CHOP signaling pathway

Yurong Song, Linlin Liu, Bin Liu, Rui Liu, Youwen Chen, Chenxi Li, Guangzhi Liu, Zhiqian Song, Cheng Lu*, Aiping LYU, Yuanyan Liu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Drug-induced nephrotoxicity is a frequent adverse event that contributes to acute kidney injury with tubular and/or glomerular lesions. Methotrexate (MTX) is a folate analog used against a myriad of malignancies and autoimmune diseases. Unfortunately, ambiguous renal toxicology limits its safe clinical usage. Based on our previous studies, 7−OH MTX as an overlooked oxidative metabolite of MTX was proposed to be the main culprit responsible for nephrotoxicity, while nobiletin, a naturally occurring polymethoxylated flavonoid screened from our prepared total phenolic extracts of Citrus aurantium L. (TPE-CA), was employed as a therapeutic agent for drug-drug interactions. According to the present study, nobiletin can ameliorate the renal accumulation of 7−OH MTX through the interaction with aldehyde oxidase. RNA-seq analysis revealed that 7−OH MTX was mainly related to protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, with the PERK/CHOP pathway selected as the most significant for metabolic nephrotoxicity. Meanwhile, the cross-linked proteins and conducted signals were investigated by western blotting and further verified by GSK inhibition analyses. These results indicated that nobiletin protected renal function from MTX-induced nephrotoxicity by modulating metabolism and ameliorated the metabolic toxicity of 7−OH MTX on ER stress-induced PERK/CHOP conduction by maintaining Ca2+ homeostasis and reducing the production of reactive oxygen species.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105371
JournalPharmacological Research
Volume165
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Pharmacology

User-Defined Keywords

  • 7−OH Methotrexate (PubChem CID: 5484402)
  • 7−OH MTX
  • Acute kidney injury
  • Endoplasmic reticulum stress
  • Methotrexate (PubChem CID: 126941)
  • Nobiletin
  • Nobiletin (PubChem CID: 72344)
  • PERK/CHOP signaling pathway

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